25 generations after the great Tibetian King Thi-Sron-De-Tsan, Zhal-nga-Guru_Tashe was born.He went with his 5 sons westwards on a pilgrimage to Guru-Chooi-wang, then on to Lhasa, where Jo-vo-Rinpoche Sakya Mooni foretold him to proceed South-West to Dema-dzong.In Sakya, the hierarch was then engaged in building Phrul-pahi-Lah-Khang monastary, whick is supported by 4 immense wooden pillars besides 160 small ones.These 4 pillars, which had defied the efforts of several thousand men to raise, was erected successfuly in their proper positions by Guru Tashe’s eldest son..For his exploit his name was changed to Jo-Khye-Bumsa.He then married Guru-Mo, daughter of the Heirarch and moved to north-west of Khambagong, called Pa-shi. Khye-Bumsa proceeded to Khang-Bu Takloong and settled at Chumbi.
Being childless, Khye-Bumsa was suggested by his Lamas to propitiate the head of the Lepcha people. Accordingly with 17 persons, he crossed Yak-la and penlong an reached Sata-La. Here he enquired about Thekong-Tek and his wife, Nyekong-Nal, but unable to achieve their dwelling place, they proceeded to Gangtok.There they came across a old man quite blace from tilling his recently burnt field, but could not get anything out of him.Suspecting he knew more than he chose to tell, the Tibetian party hid themselves and secretly followed the old man to a house which he entered.Once inside the house, they found their old man clad in a robe adorned with animal heads & seated in state on a dais, worshipped by the other inmates, & thus discovered that he was the veritable Thekong-Tek they were in search of. Khye-Bumsa offered him many gifts and finally obtained a promise that he should become a father of 3 sons. With this assurance he returned to Chumbi, where 3 sons were born to him.When his boys were growing up, the father asked them what they wished to be.The eldest replied he should like to trade on the foibles of his fellowmen, the third said he should be content to get his living from te fruit of the soil, while the second declared nothing less than the leadership of men. According to these answers Khye-bumsa called the first Kya-Bo-Rab (the Swindler), the third son Lang-Mo-Rab (The Ploughman) and the second Mi-tPon-Rab (The Leader of Men).Though the father remained and died at Chumbi, the three sons crossed the mountains and settled resp. at Libing, Gangtok and Phodong-Takse).At the same period, some of their relatives from Hah Arrived via Chumbi.
Kya-Bo-Rab or his decendants did not remain at Libing but kept changing residence, moving always eastwards;whence they obtained the family name of “Yul-tenpa”, the Exiles.
The decendants of Lang-Mo-Rab are known as “Linzer-pa”, while both of these, as well as decendants of Mi-tPon-Rab.are sometimes styled Pyak-Tsen-Tarpa.
Mi-tPon-Rab married a lady of Sakya and had 4 sons viz.
1. Zhan-po-tar (born at his maternal uncle’s house according to custom)
2. Tshe-Chu-Thar (Born on 10th day of the month)
3. Nyi-ma Gyaspa (Chief born on Sunday)
4. Guru Tashe, the Saintly One (Born while Tashe-Rubne worship was being celebrated).
From these 4 brothers the four chief families of Sikkim known as the sTong-Durusb-Zi, trace their decent as Zhang-tharpa, Tshe-chu-tharpa, Nyi-ma-Gyaspa and Guru-Tashepa.
Guru-Tashe’s eldest son is called in full Zhal-nGa-A-Phag.His son was Guru Tenzing, who was the father of Phuntshog Namgyal, hhe first Chogyal of Sikkim or De-jong Gyalpo.
The decendants of Khye-Bumsa are divided into six families viz.
3.Zhanpotharpa or Zhantharpa
4.Tshechutharpa of Tshe-gYu-tharpa
But with Khye-Bumsa came other Tibatians or Khampas who founded 8 families known as Beps-Tshan-gyad or the Tribe of “Eight Respectables names”.
There is some confusion as to the exact names of these 8 sub-families and the order in which they rank, but the follwing is fairly correct:
Compiled by Rentzen